Astronautical Multilingual Dictionary: English, Russian, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Czech
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
Pages: 936 pages
Publication Date: 1970-02-27
ISBN-10: 0444408304
ISBN-13: 978-0444408303
Format: PDF
Size: 109 MB
Quality: Scan 600 dpi, black and white / OCR

This dictionary of astronautical terms is a word-or-phrase equivalent dictionary in seven different languages:
English, Russian, German, French, Italian, Spanish and Czech. Its purpose is to serve as a tool for understanding
the literature of astronautics now being published in these languages. It is the result of work initiated by the Inter­
national Academy of Astronautics in 1960.

The growth of the astronautical vocabulary has been rapid, and before this dictionary is in the hands of its
users, many new astronautical expressions will be in circulation. Eventually this growth may level off, depending
upon the advancements made in the technology of astronautics and in the sciences that underlie the technology.

Yet even now, a basically stable list of terms exists that may be looked upon as the core of the expanding
vocabulary. In large part, these terms have long been in use, going back to times prior to Tsiolkovsky and his pio­
neering paper of 1903, They are drawn from the vocabularies of astronomy, mechanics, fluid dynamics, rocketry,
nuclear physics, chemistry, biology, and other related fields. They clearly show the debt that astronautics owes to
the other disciplines. For example, the word eccentricity in its astronautical sense is an old mechanics term in Eng­
lish, Russian, German, French, Italian, Spanish, and Czech, and goes back to the early eighteenh century. The word
orbit, also common to five of these same languages, goes back at least to the seventeenth century. And the word
conjunction in its astronomical sense is common to all these languages except Russian, and goes back to the middle
ages.

Indeed, if we care to do so, we can trace some of the characteristic words used by modern astronautical scien­
tists and engineers back to the very earliest times of the Indo-European races. The words star, moon, and sun> for
example, have their cognates in all Indo-European languages, and probably belonged to the mother tongue of
European peoples. These words, although several thousand years old, are very much in the vocabularies of present-
day astronautical experts.

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